This recently published article reviews the combination of IR “heat-induced enhancement” and a 3D-TOF MRA sequence for the visualization of the variable facial vascular anatomy.
The face is known for its extreme variation in vascular anatomy. Furthermore, the rapidly increasing number of filler treatments leads to an increase in severe filler-associated complications (such as skin necrosis and blindness) due to intra-arterial injection. Visualizing a patient’s individual complete facial arterial anatomy in a contrast- and radiation-free way has not been published before. This innovative imaging technique could, therefore, enhance the safety of minimally invasive surgical procedures as it provides a harmless way to map the arteries of the face.
In search of a harmless method for the visualization of the facial artery network, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) seems to be the method of choice.
Hendrickx et al. Infrared Thermally Enhanced 3-D TOF MRA Imaging for the Visualization of the Arteries of the Face. Aesthetic Surgery Journal Open. 2020 May.Download (1 MB)
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